Introduction with Global warming. This article describes global

Introduction

Currently, most
of the people are complaining of the rising temperatures on earth. Have you
ever wondered the causes of the increasing temperatures? On the other hand,
have you ever wondered about the effect of excess and direct sun rays to our
health? What of the persistent change in climate? These are factors that are
associated with Global warming.  This
article describes global warming and its effects on plants, animals and the
people living on earth.  It is critical
to understand the meaning of global warming before going into details on the
issues concerning global warming as well as the effects.

Scope of global
warming

Global warming
is a term that is used to describe the gradual increase in temperatures of the
earth. These changes can result in the climatic alterations in the world
climatic systems.  Debates have existed
on whether or not global warming exists. However, the data from the astrologists
indicate that there is an increase in the planet’s temperature. The available
report shows that the highest recorded temperatures in the 21st
century are have risen from 0.3 to 1.7 degree Celsius (Singer & Avery, 2007).  These degrees have been recorded in most
industrialized nations. The temperatures also vary depending on regions. For
example, in arid zones that have no vegetation also bare extreme temperatures.
In sea and ocean especially in the glacial areas have the ice melting. This is
a good indication of the upsurge of the heat on earth. The persistence of
global warming is gross, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate conducting
the global warming study have of late foretold that ordinary global
temperatures might escalate between 1.4 and 5.8 °C by the year 2100. Variations
after global warming might comprise increasing sea levels owing to the melting
of the glacial ice covers, as well as an upturn in incidence and sternness of
tempests and severe weather proceedings (Peach, 2005).

Causes of
global warming

Once the scope
of global warming has been elaborated, it essential to outline the
reasons.  People can shallowly develop that
the heat from the sun results to the increase of the temperatures on earth. No
one can dispute this fact; however, there are also scientific explanations as
to why the temperatures continuously rise (Ward & digital., 2015). Before, explaining
other causes of global warming, details on how the sun rays reach the ground is
defined as follows. The sun rays hit the ground, and it is radiated back to
space. The radiated heat causes the rise in temperature on the atmosphere.
However, before the beam gets onto the earth surface, they are first diffused
by a covering layer called the Ozone layer. The layer blocks the dangerous rays
and also reduces the temperature of the sunrays. As mentioned earlier in the
scope, excesses heat in the atmosphere causes global warming. The causes of
warming effect are factors that lead to the retention of heat in the
environment.

Global warming
occurs as a result of the effect of the greenhouse gases effect. The gases like
carbon IV oxide collect in the atmosphere. These gases block the radiated
sunlight rays that hit the atmosphere. This light energy is retained in the
space for long periods of time hence cause higher temperatures in the
atmospheres. On the other hand, the gases particularly carbon IV oxide react with
the ozone layer thus depleting it. The corrosion of the ozone layer allows
excess sunlight rays into the atmosphere. Therefore, the atmosphere is
overheated increasing the temperatures of the earth (Haldar, 2011).

Additionally,
the deforestation can also result in global warming. Animals release carbon
dioxide gases that retain the increased temperatures on earth. The plants in
the process of photosynthesis lead to absorption of the gas. In case the plants
are reduced in a region, there will be an increase of the carbon dioxide that
reacts with the ozone hence cause global warming. Therefore, the deforestation
of a given area leads to the global warming.

Connection
between global warming and extreme weather

Experts reach an agreement
that the earth’s increasing temperatures are powering lengthier and hotter heat
waves, further recurrent droughts, heftier rainfall, and other dominant
hurricanes. In 2015, for instance, experts supposed that the continuing drought
in California the country’s vilest water scarcity in 1,200 years was
strengthened by 15% to 20% through global warming. The scientists suggested
that the chances of identical droughts occurring in the forthcoming had
coarsely folded over the past span of 100 years (Rothe, 2015).
In 2016, the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine
proclaimed that there are possibilities to positively aspect confident weather
proceedings, comparable to some heat waves, right to climate alteration.

The earth’s marine heats
are getting a space heater. This applies that tropical hurricanes can take up
additional dynamism. Therefore, global warming might cause seizure,
approximately, a group 3 storm into a more hazardous class 4 storm. The
researchers have found out that the North Atlantic hurricanes have upsurge from
the 1988s and the number of storms has developed to category four and five. The
influences of global warming are felt transversely through the globe. Great
heat waves have produced thousands of demises around the world in current ages.

Global warming not only
affects the weather but also produces other paraphernalia to features on earth.
For instance, the melting of the glacial ice that leads to razing of the sea
level. The flow of heat waves in the atmosphere and destruction of the habitats
like the coral reefs is also an effect of global warming.

The processes of mitigating global warming

The question that reigns in one’s
mind is the process that one can use to mitigate global warming. Indeed there
are processes that one can apply to reduce the level of global warming. In 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency promised
to decrease carbon contamination from the power floras by closely a third by
2030, comparative to 2005 echelons, through the clean power plan. The U.S.
Division of Transportation has suggested carbon contamination and fuel economy
ideas that ought to expurgate releases through the 2020s. Substances that add
to global warmings, like hydrofluorocarbons are being phased out of manufacture
countrywide. The energy-inefficient domestic items like glowing light bulbs.
Additionally, in 2015, the solar and wind power delivered additional  5 percent of the United States’ power for the
first phase, and the building was underway on the nation’s first offshore wind
power scheme. Worldwide, at the United Nations
Conference on Climate Alteration held in Paris, 195 nations as well as the
United States who decided to pollution-cutting necessities with an objective of
stopping the standard global temperature from increasing further than 1.5
degrees Celsius beyond preindustrial eras (Houghton, 2016).

  One can use
reforestation method and forest reclamation. The planting of vegetation leads
to the absorption of the extra carbon dioxide that is produced from the
atmosphere. The plants during the process of photosynthesis use carbon dioxide
hence reduce the level of the greenhouse gases that lead to the retention of
heat in the atmosphere.  On the other
hand, countries that receive excesses global warming should reduce the level of
the burning of fuel and sources that produce carbon dioxide into the
atmosphere. Instead of burning of the waste products, some can be recycled.

 

Conclusion

In a nutshell, global warming has
an adverse effect globally. The increase of temperatures globally has results
that cause the loss of biodiversity and plants health and can also affect the
animal health. On the other hand, one would advocate for the means that can
limit the level of global warming. Studies indicate that if the condition
persists for the next 100 years, the situation will worsen and the planet earth
would become unbearable for the life of the human.