well” is not only the state of mere non-existence of disease, but attaining an
optimum balance between physical, mental, emotional and social health. Simply,
a proper healthy life style will help in accomplishing this balanced health. Within a decade, eclectic inconsistencies
have happened in the life style of individuals’ world- wide invariable of the
age. The core cause for such changes in life style, being the abuse of the evolving
new-fangled technologies which have made man lame, entangled to a small room
and machine, alarming the physical and mental health of the individual.
According to WHO, life style is allied significantly (60%) with the well-being
and quality of life of the individual. The physical monsters of unhealthy
dormant life style are under nutrition, over nutrition, chronic non-communicable
diseases, metabolic diseases, orthopaedic complications, weakening of immune
system, malignancy and genetic disorders, wherein, the mental reps include
stress, smoking and alcohol consumption to name a few. Hence, this article has
been reviewed with the aim of highlighting the felonious and responsive
lifestyle variables that aid in the prevention of diseases thereby promoting
Keywords: Life Style, Disease Management, Physical
Health, Mental Health.
Lifestyle or the way of life is the methodology accepted and executed by
the people in carrying out their everyday activity at home or work place. It
also includes the eating pattern, physical exertion, work postures, communication
and so on. Although the lifestyle is chiefly influenced by the political,
cultural, geographical, demographical, socio-economic and educational factors,
adoption to a particular life style pattern largely depends on the individual’s
attitude to health and quality life. Globalisation and increase in purchasing
power has a great impact on the lifestyle of a common man. The technology has
made its reach even to the farthest man confining him to a small space and
gadgets. This has led to a vast consequence on the relationship between people,
in turn on balancing the health factors.
Lifestyle with unhealthy eating habits and lack of physical
activity is a strong causative factor occurrence of disease and the list of
diseases caused by improper lifestyle is endless. The most commonly known
lifestyle diseases are obesity, hypertension, cardiac diseases and diabetes,
whereas arthritis, anxiety, alzheimer’s, cancer, COPD, cirrhosis, depression,
dementia and renal failure also fall into the category of life style diseases.
It is evident from many studies that the death rate due to preventable
lifestyle diseases is not on steady rise. Hence it is imperative to intervene
lifestyle in disease management and wellness promotion.